Generally speaking, do not translate the names of public figures. For example, royalty should be referred to in the original language.

Cross King John Charles
Small_OK King Juan Carlos

However, there are some exceptions. Popes should be referred to by the English equivalent of their papal names. Likewise, transliteration of names in non-Latin scripts can cause problems (a notable example being Gadhafi).

Well-known Catalan figures are often referred to in foreign media by the Spanish version of their first name. Use the Catalan version, unless there is a clear and well-founded tradition otherwise. Thus, Pau Casals, but José Carreras.

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